Born 1929 in Florence/Italy, school education and study of Medicine in Berne and Geneva/Switzerland.
1956-1963 postgraduate formation in psychiatry and psychotherapy in Berne and Geneva/Switzerland
1963-1971 Chief of the center of reserch on lifelong evolution of mental illnesses at the Psychiatric University Hospital of Lausanne/Switzerland
1972-77 Chief of community related socio-psychiatric services at the Psychiatric University Hospital of Lausanne/Switzerland
1977-1994 Medical director of the Social Psychiatric University Clinic of Berne/Switzerland
1994-96 Visiting professor at the Konrad Lorenz-Institute for Research in Evolution and Cognition, Altenberg near Vienna/Austria