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Recursive retrospective revaluation of causal judgments
Author: Macho, Siegfried and Burkart, Judith
Journal: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Volume: 28
Year: 2002
Pages: 1171—1186

Recursive causal evaluation is an iterative process in which the evaluation of a target cause, <xh:i>T</xh:i>, is based on the outcome of the evaluation of another cause, <xh:i>C</xh:i>, the evaluation of which itself depends on the evaluation of a 3rd cause, <xh:i>D</xh:i>. Retrospective revaluation consists of backward processing of information as indicated by the fact that the evaluation of <xh:i>T</xh:i> is influenced by subsequent information that is not concerned with <xh:i>T</xh:i> directly. Two experiments demonstrate recursive retrospective revaluation with contingency information presented in list format as well as with trial-by-trial acquisition. Existing associative models are unable to predict the results. The model of recursive causal disambiguation that conceptualizes the revaluation as a recursive process of disambiguation predicts the pattern of results correctly. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)