Zsófia Virányi studied biology at Loránd Eötvös University, Budapest and graduated with a thesis on knowledge attribution in dogs and children. During her PhD studies in ethology she examined the domestic dog’s reasoning abilities and in some aspects compared them to children, apes, monkeys, and wolves. She participated in the project of the Department of Ethology, Loránd Eötvös University comparing hand-raised wolves and dogs in their relationship and communication with humans. At the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany she made a comparative study on knowledge attribution in great apes and dogs under the supervision of Josep Call. Later at Kazuo Fujita’s lab, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University she tested pigeons and capuchin and squirrel monkeys in a task on inferential reasoning about the location of food. Zsófia Virányi is also coordinator for the ESF Research Networking Programme "The Evolution of Social Cognition" (CompCog) www.compcog.org since May 2008.